It is about people and organisations working together to prevent and stop both the risks and experience of abuse or neglect, while at the same time making sure that the adult’s wellbeing is promoted including, where appropriate, having regard to their views, wishes, feelings and beliefs in deciding on any action. This must recognise that adults sometimes have complex interpersonal relationships and may be ambivalent, unclear or unrealistic about their personal circumstances.
A local authority must act when it has ‘reasonable cause to suspect that an adult in its area (whether or not ordinarily resident there):
- has needs for care and support (whether or not the authority is meeting any of those needs),
- is experiencing, or is at risk of, abuse or neglect, and
- as a result of those needs is unable to protect himself or herself against the abuse or neglect or the risk of it.’ (Care Act 2014, section 42).
So safeguarding is for people who, because of issues such as dementia, learning disability, physical disability, mental ill-health or substance abuse, have care and support needs that may make them more vulnerable to abuse or neglect.
All Adult Safeguarding practice is governed by the Care Act 2014 and the Care and Support Statutory Guidance. There is also further guidance issued by the Association of Directors of Adult Social Services (ADASS) called the London Multi Agency Adult Safeguarding Policy and Procedures (see below).
All Adult Safeguarding practice should be carried out in line with the principles of Making Safeguarding Personal.